Saffron, the colour of sacrifice, has been a theme since we fought the British for Independence. Since then, Indian cinema has repeatedly taken up the theme of sacrifice for the motherland in many major productions
On August 15, 1947, India was liberated. Hundreds of people gave up their lives in the fight for independence. Today after 70 years of freedom, there are many Indians who were born much after independence and now they only listen to stories from their elders in this regard. From such stories, many films were made in Hindi and after watching these patriotic movies, many of the youngsters feel a sense of patriotism. Gandhi, Border, Lakshya, Shaheed, Rang De Basanti and Mangal Pandey are some of many such films which are painted in the colour of patriotism.
The filmmakers have tried to show their patriotism in their own way. Many of them were successful at the box office and some were badly beaten. Filmmakers have chosen different angles and theme to portray freedom of India, some have made films on eminent freedom fighters; others have made movies on wars and mutinies. But in every such movie, the central theme remains patriotism and celebration of Indian Independence.
Let’s have a look on some of the famous patriotic films:
Ananda Math (1952)
The film, ‘Ananda Math’, which was released in 1952 is a patriotic-historical film directed by Hemen Gupta, based on Anandamath, the famous Bengali novel written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1882. The novel and film are set in the events of the Sannyasi Rebellion, which took place in the late 18th century in Bengal. The film was a story of freedom fighters who fought against British in the 18th century. The national song ‘Vande Mataram’ was also used in this movie. The film starred Prithviraj Kapoor, Bharat Bhushan, Geeta Bali, Pradeep Kumar and Ajit in the lead.
Another film on the war was also is also famous till date. Haqeeqat is a 1964 Hindi war-film directed by Chetan Anand. The film stars Balraj Sahni, Dharmendra, Priya Rajvansh, Sanjay Khan and Vijay Anand. The music is still popular. It was composed by Madan Mohan and the lyrics by Kaifi Azmi. The movie was based on the 1962 Sino-Indian War. It won the National Film Award for Second Best Feature Film in 1965. The film was screened in a retrospective on August 12, 2016, at the Independence Day Film Festival jointly presented by the Indian Directorate of Film Festivals and Ministry of Defense, commemorating 69th Indian Independence Day. ‘Haqeeqat’ was the story of a soldier’s troop in the hilly terrain of Ladakh who was considered dead but was rescued by Ladakhi tribesmen and by Capt. Bahadur Singh (Dharmendra). They were asked to retreat from their post (chowky) as the Chinese have surrounded them.
Shaheed released in 1965 is one of the most prominent Indian patriotic movies based on the Indian independence movement, it was produced by Kewal Kashyap and directed by S Ram Sharma and stars Manoj Kumar, Kamini Kaushal, Pran, Iftekhar, and Anwar Hussain in lead roles. Shaheed was first of Manoj Kumar’s series of patriotic films, followed by likes of Upkar, Purab Aur Paschim and Kranti.
Shaheed was the best film of patriotism created on the life of Bhagat Singh. The film’s story was written by Bhagat Singh’s companion Batukeshwar Dutt. And several songs were written by freedom fighter Ram Prasad Bismil. After this many Hindi films were made on the life of Bhagat Singh but still it is by far the best authentic film based on Indian freedom struggle.
Ben Kingsley’s ‘Gandhi’ movie is based on the story of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi’s life. The film has tried to touch every aspect of Mahatma Gandhi’s life. It shows how Gandhi fought the struggle for independence from South Africa. From his childhood till the battle of independence, it has been filmed beautifully in a true way that it seems Gandhiji has become completely alive. ‘Gandhi’ was made in 1982 by Richard Attenborough. Both Richard and Ben Kingsley were awarded the Academy Award for the film.
The film, made on the life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel or Iron Man of India. Released in 1993 Sardar was a famous movie based on one of India’s greatest freedom fighters, directed by Ketan Mehta and written by noted playwright Vijay Tendulkar. The film was screened retrospective on August 12, 2016, at the. It was shown in the struggle of freedom from his efforts of unbroken India. Paresh Rawal played a key role in it, which was appreciated.
J P Dutta directed film Border was realed in 1997. Based on the Indo-Pak war in 1971, Border is also part of patriotic superhit films. It was shown in the film how a troop of Indian Army dashed the Pakistani army. In the film, actor Sunny Deol gave life to his voice. Songs of the movie are still on the verge of the people. The story of this film was inspired by a true incident. The Longwala war fought during the Indo-Pak war in this film has been explained in detail, where 120 Indian soldiers in Rajasthan faced the Tang Regiment of the whole night.
Hrithik Roshan starer movie Lakshya was war drama directed by Farhan Akhtar. The film, released in 2004, also featured Amitabh Bachchan, Preity Zinta, Sharad Kapoor. Hrithik had played Lieutenant Karan Shergill. It has been shown in the film that hero’s detachment saves six Pakistani soldiers. Although this film also became one of Hrithik’s flop yet Hrithik’s dance was highly appreciated in the song “Main Aisa Kyon Hoon” and the song “Kandhyo ke milte hai kad” was full of patriotism.
Raag Desh (2017)
The recently released film Raag Desh is also painted with the colour of patriotism. Directed by Tigmanshu Dhulia, the film depicts the story of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s Azad Hind Fauj and British rule in 1945. The story is of three soldiers of the Azaad Hind Fauj who were accused of treason and a sick lawyer (Bhulabhai Desai) who came forward for helping them. Though the film was not successful but it had a well researched story in the film, the policies of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and the functioning of the Azad Hind Fauj have been shown very closely. Raag Desh will also be remembered for years.
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