sulabh swatchh bharat

Thursday, 22-November-2018


A mega international textile fair is being organised with Centre’s help to take Indian textiles to the global arena

Assam government has firmed up a plan with the Centre for organising a mega international event – Textiles India 2017 – with the goal to take Indian textiles to the global arena.  The event will showcase India’s strength in the textile sector.
The textiles fair will be held from June 30 to July 2, 2017 at Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat and is expected to be inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.  Assam, as one of the two partner States for the event, will promote the state’s indigenous silk products -  eri  and muga (golden silk) apart from a range of other handloom and handicraft items.
Subrata Gupta, Joint Secretary in the ministry of textiles informed reporters in Guwahati that as a partnering State for the event, the silk and other items of Assam would get “significant exposure” in all the programmes of the event including the promos, business to business meetings, conferences etc.
He added 1838 foreign buyers have registered for the event from all over the world and more  than 87 countries  likely to participate. Andhra Pradesh is another partner State for the event and Jharkhand, Maharashtra and Karnataka would be the focus States for the exhibition.
The indigenous textiles and handicrafts that in other parts of the country are confined to professional castes were practiced as household industries in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam. Every family in the state had looms to meet the requirement of the household. The looms were the center of the domestic  economy which were of great help in an hour of distress.   
Assam grows all the four major varieties of silk that include eri, muga, mulberry and tasar.  The first two occupy leading positions in the sericulture sector in Assam .
Weaving in Assam is done with handlooms which are obsolete and no recent improvements have been added.   The version among the hill tribes was yet another mechanism of producing the fabric.  In this case the warp was tied up in split bamboo to the ends to which were fastened a leather strap.
Sericulture in Assam is mostly carried on by illiterate or semi literate persons, who have no idea about scientific as well as commercial process of rearing silkworms. Also due to illiteracy and lack of information, the rearers cannot avail the opportunities given by the government from time to time. 
Scaricity of quality and healthy seeds of standard breed are the major problem of sericulture in Assam.
The main cause of shortage of feeds and mulberry or lesser growth of area under plantation is due to the pressure of increasing population on wasteland for food crop cultivation, erosion of rivers, lack of protective measures from the government to preserve naturally grown food plants.
The success of the sericulture depends on the availability of finance. Most of the rearers are poor.  They cannot undertake large scale rearing on a commercial basis. The commercial banks in Assam are not interested in providing finance in this sector because the rearers cannot offer sufficient land as collateral security against loans.
There is no organized market for the transaction of seri cocoon. Therefore, the rearers have to sell their cocoon to the traders at the price offered by them. The rearers are compelled to sell at meager price as very few buyers visit them, which is also due to their low scale of production and locational remoteness as well as lack of transport and communication.
But the Indian textile sector has both richness and variety to offer, to the international market. Moreover, the country has a strong presence in the entire gamut of textile and apparel value chain, from fibre to fashion.  At the forthcoming event in Gujarat, nearly 1300 exhibitors will showcase their products and services to more than 2,500 international buyers and more than 15,000 domestic buyers.
The silk sector, through the Indian Silk Export Promotion Council (ISEPC) will have a larger display in an area of around 1350 square metres in Textile India venue at the Mahatma Mandir as one of the major product categories, officials said, adding that the council will have the participation of more than 100 member exporters with the best of silk and other allied silk products from all parts of the country. The total exhibition area for the event is 125,000 square meters.