sulabh swatchh bharat

Tuesday, 18-June-2019

APPLICATION FOR MAN-ANIMAL CONFLICTS

Called “Lights for Life - Food to Live 2017,” the project aimed at reducing man-elephant conflict

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Chennai, has developed an Android application to tackle man-animal conflicts in the country.  Assam has witnessed one of the highest incidences of casualties among all the states in the country in recent years due to being marauded.  
A group of students demonstrated the technology at a five-day workshop called “Technology for Rural Development” at the IIT Guwahati.  The equipment which will have a camera will transmit information on the movement of animals which will alert the forest department and the local villages.  The precise location of the animal will also be projected with the coordinates on a Google map. 
Public Relations Officer of IIT Guwahati Labanu Konwar told the media, “There were some useful technologies that have been demonstrated in the workshop.  The photos that will be captured in the camera will be transmitted to the application along with the location on Google Map.”
A student who developed the gadget explained that the production would be at a low cost.  A total of 44 students from different institutes participated in the programme. 
The technology assumes importance for Assam since 149 people were killed by wild elephants in the last two years which is in addition to 1,880 hectares of crops that have been destroyed.   On the other hand, scores of elephants have also died as a result of accidents, electrocution and starvation. 
According to the elephant census of the year 2012, there were 5,620 elephants in the state of Assam. Cases of human-animal conflict are increasing in Assam due to large-scale deforestation and construction. Pachyderms have lost natural habitats and often stray on paths that are prone to dangers.
Last year, Paris-based Nature and Wildlife Association and an Assam based NGO, Green Guard Nature Organisation, launched a scheme for 50 villages along the Nagaon-Karbi Anglong foothills to reduce man-elephant conflict.
Called “Lights for Life - Food to Live 2017,” the project aimed at reducing man-elephant conflict in the area by 50 per cent in the next three to five years. It promotes a message to jointly restore elephant habitat and get headlights to avoid attacks.  Local inhabitants would be provided with high-powered headlamps and air horns to curb elephant attacks. In return, they will join hands in the efforts to restore elephant habitat.