sulabh swatchh bharat

Tuesday, 22-August-2017

ibm-watson-cancer-detective

IBM’S ‘WATSON’ CANCER DETECTIVE

4 days ago
IBM’s Watson artificial intelligence system could help persons with cancer by providing a rapid, comprehensive report of the genetic mutations at the root of their specific disease and the therapies that target them, says an Indian-origin pathologist. “We have to change our whole behaviour in looking at tumours. We are missing too much and too often treatment does not work for patients,” said Ravindra Kolhe, breast and molecular pathologist at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University in the US. “With Watson, all oncogenes become targets,” said Kolhe, who is giving an update...
new-life-expectancy-markers-in-genome

NEW LIFE-EXPECTANCY MARKERS IN GENOME

2 weeks ago
A Swiss-led team conducting research on life expectancy said on Thursday it had identified the largest-ever number of genetic markers that are almost entirely new to science. The answer to how long each person will live is partly encoded in their genomes or their genetic material, Xinhua quoted the researchers as saying, who published the findings in journal Nature Communication.  The study was led by scientists from the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB), Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), the University of Lausanne and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL). The study used advanc...
cows-indeed-are-holy-now-that-they-may-help-fight-hiv

Cows indeed are Holy, Now That They May Help Fight HIV 

3 weeks ago
The cow has emerged as an unlikely hero in the quest to fight HIV for good. Researchers report that four cows that were injected with a type of HIV protein rapidly produced significantly powerful antibodies against the menacing virus. Now they are trying to replicate and induce similar antibodies in humans which could be the vital element in creating a successful HIV vaccine.  Antibodies called ‘Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies’ are able to fight  infections from a plethora of HIV types. These antibodies were generated in cows about 42 days after immunization, the researchers reported. For the infinitesimal portion of the human population that is able to ...
world-smallest-pacemaker-implanted-for-first-time-northeast

WORLD’S SMALLEST PACEMAKER IMPLANTED FOR THE FIRST TIME IN NORTHEAST

3 weeks ago
The world’s smallest pacemaker has been implanted for the first in the Northeast on a 60-year-old man at the Hayat Hospital in Guwahati, claimed the hospital’s consultant interventional cardiologist Dr Chinmoy Majumdar.The most advanced pacing technology at one-tenth the size of a traditional pacemaker has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Dr Majumdar told reporters in Guwahati on Wednesday. The pacemaker was implanted on 60-year old Taleswar Hazam with intermittent heart block which could have led to his heart to stop without any warning. Tests like ECG and Echocardiography also revealed problems with his heart s rhythm and confirme...
get-liver-checked-from-20-years-of-age

Get liver checked from 20 yrs of age

5 weeks ago
Lipid profiling – blood tests that screen for abnormalities in lipids, such as cholesterol and triglycerides -- from the age of 20 years can help detect heart ailments at an early stage, doctors revealed on Thursday. According to them, a person may be at high risk of  a heart attack if the levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides – causes of heart ailments – are high. These should be screened early, especially if the person is a smoker, obese, have blood sugar level on the higher side or there is a family history of heart ailments. “This blood test (lipid profiling) indicates results of the le...
why-arent-elephants-scientists

WHY AREN’T ELEPHANTS SCIENTISTS?

6 weeks ago
With an increasing advancements in science and technology, scientists are now better able to study the human brain in comparison to other animals’ to see what makes the human brain unique when it comes to cognitive abilities. The common narrative dictates that the human brain is the apex of biological evolution when it comes to cognition. Merely looking around and realising that the human brain has developed to the point of contemplating the reason for its own existence and function is enough to make us realise that there is something about the human brain that no other brain on the planet has. Common sense would di...
research-reduced-incidences-of-strokes-and-heart-attacks

RESEARCH: REDUCED INCIDENCES OF STROKES AND HEART ATTACKS

7 weeks ago
JAMA Cardiology Department of Yale University conducted a study in 2017 comparing the reports of hospitalization due to heart attacks and strokes in areas with restrictions on Trans-Fats versus areas where Trans-Fats are not restricted in food items. Trans-fatty acids are present in fried foods and food items where trans-fats are used in preparation of food items like potato chips, crackers, and even some baked goods. Trace amounts of these Trans fats have been shown to increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.  In the past few years, areas within the United States such as New York City implemented policies for t...
an-app-for-blood-donation-for-the-needy

AN APP FOR BLOOD DONATION FOR THE NEEDY

8 weeks ago
We often see messages and posts on social media by people asking for blood in cases of emergency or for various other medical reasons. Many of us donate blood voluntarily at blood donation camps and government hospitals in the hope that it might help people in need. While this act may definitely be helpful, the impact is not quite the same as we expect it to be. Such was the experience of Simply Blood’s creator Kiran Verma (32), who after having faced a couple of significant life altering events decided to take up this social initiative to create the world’s first virtual blood donation platform. When Kiran, a...
diagnostic-tool-for-genetic-diseases

DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR GENETIC DISEASES

9 weeks ago
Keeping physicians in mind, researchers have developed a simple and intuitive open-source software tool that could help doctors analyse patients’ genetic data in order to diagnose diseases caused by mutations. Developed by Raony Cardenas and colleagues at Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais in Brazil, the description of the tool called “Mendel,MD” was presented in the journal PLOS Computational Biology. “We designed the software to be simple and intuitive enough to be used directly by physicians, even those who are not proficient in bioinformatics,” said study co-author Sérgio ...
fewer-indians-on-tobacco,but-still-bad-enough

FEWER INDIANS ON TOBACCO, BUT STILL BAD ENOUGH

10 weeks ago
Fewer Indians used tobacco in 2015-16 than a decade ago, but only China consumes and produces more tobacco, keeping cancer rates high, according to the latest national health data. Tobacco consumption in India is the highest in the six northeastern states of Mizoram, Meghalaya, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura and Assam: On average, 70.7 per cent men in these states use tobacco in some form or the other, according to  data from the National Family Health Survey 2015-16 (NFHS-4). This figure is 26 percentage points higher than the national average. The northeastern states also report a higher risk for cancer -- 112 men...
the-bicycle-mayor

The Bicycle Mayor

11 weeks ago
This one reminds us about the old Abba song… “not the girl you’d remember, but she’s still something special…” Well, the girl in question is not the ‘Nina, pretty ballerina… But she is, well, India’s first Bicycle Mayor. Nikita Lalwani is from Bangalore and she woes… with her mission. An instrumentation engineer by profession, Nikita decided to start cycling to work three years ago, when a flyover construction ended up doubling her commute time for a mere distance of four kilometres. “A month into the construction period and there was no commute that could take me to work without being so much tim...
hypertension-may-prove-fatal

HYPERTENSION MAY PROVE FATAL!

12 weeks ago
If you are suffering from high blood pressure and prefer to go untreated, you are simply playing with your life. It is a common disease but carelessness can take a life. Gone are the days when ignorance was considered to be a bliss. In case of hypertension this bliss could prove deadly if untreated over a prolonged period. The reason: it can damage the blood vessels in the brain and cause a stroke as per health experts. What amplifies the problem of hypertension is the fact that it often goes unnoticed as it attacks the body surreptitiously, without showing up symptoms of its own. Its prevalence in India is widespread. Acco...