Researchers have found that people exposed to even low levels of air pollution can have changes in the structure of the heart, similar to those seen in the early stages of heart failure.
For every one extra microgram per cubic metre of PM2.5 -- small particles of air pollution -- and for every 10 extra microgram per cubic metre of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), the heart enlarges by approximately 1 per cent, showed the findings of the Britain-based study.
“Although our study was observational and hasn’t yet shown a causal link, we saw significant changes in the heart, even at relatively low levels of air pollu...
Consuming a plant-based diet that includes nuts, soy, pulses, beans, peas and a little amount of plant sterolsa may reduce many risk factors for cardiovascular disease including blood pressure, triglycerides and inflammation, a new study has found.
According to the researchers, the plant-based dietary pattern is known as portfolio diet and it is based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
In addition to reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (bad cholesterol) by about 30 per cent when combined with a low-saturated fat diet – a level comparable to medications, the researchers found the diet limited other factors for ...
Fourteen-month-old Ayush smiles as he plays in his mother’s lap at the anganwadi centre in Bhandaria village in Uttar Pradesh. Eight months ago he was a severely undernourished and underweight child born to a frail mother. It has been quite a journey for the sickly child to transform into a healthy baby, thanks to an intervention made by Unicef.
“Ayush was a very weak child, used to defecate frequently and always cried. Now he is a happy child,” said his mother Sudha who soon left for home to look after her two-month-old daughter. “It was a compulsion,” she said without elaborating, when aske...
There’s no reason you shouldn’t feel like the best version of yourself this summer. A strict diet is not required.
Instead, get ready to hit the beach by making sure you’re not weighed down by unpleasant symptoms like bloating, dehydration, and discomfort.
Here are a handful of tips from registered dietitian and nutritionist Andy Bellatti to get you feeling your best in under a week.
DO: Drink lots of water
Water is essential – it regulates the shape of every cell inside our bodies. If we don&rsquo...
Drink an unsettling amount of coffee a day? Don’t panic. The results of a new decade-long study involving almost 500,000 people suggest that drinking the beverage – in any quantity – leads to a longer life than not having any of it at all.
While there are caveats to that claim, the new study found that a longer life was linked to any kind of coffee: instant, decaf, whatever.
The sheer number of studies out there on this subject proves that scientists are fascinated with coffee.
But this latest research is particular noteworthy because the team tapped into the data of 498,134 British people ...
Regular consumption of alcohol, even in moderate levels, can adversely affect young people, especially girls both their metabolism as well as volume of grey matter, a study has found.
The findings showed that drinking may be associated with changes in the metabolite profile which includes reduced brain grey matter -- involved in muscle control, sensory perception, self control.
The risk of these changes was found to be higher among heavy drinking adolescent girls.
“The study observed metabolite profile changes even in young people who consumed alcohol at a level that is socially acceptable,” said...
What oil do you cook with? If you have been stuck with olive or other vegetable oils, it’s time to shift to a healthier option: Canola oil.
Research has shown that canola oil helps lower blood sugar in people with Type II diabetes.
David Jenkins, head of the St. Michael Hospital’s Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre in Toronto, Canada, conducted the study where one group ate bread made with canola oil and a control group ate normal bread.
The study found that the group that ate bread made up of canola oil experienced lower blood glucose (sugar) levels. Numerous cooking oils add...
Two leading Indian scientific institutions have come together with a private partner to launch a new high tech device to ensure that the growing popularity of sanitary napkins do not end up becoming an environmental nightmare.
Called GreenDispo, the device has been designed in such that it will incinerate the sanitary napkins completely with minimal flue gas emission. It is estimated that 432 million pads are already been disposed off every month in the country and this is expected to grow multifold in the coming years.
Inappropriate handling of the used pads is already posing a major challenge as...
Too much job pressure may increase your risk developing a rapid and irregular heart rate, called atrial fibrillation, which can lead to a stroke, dementia, heart failure and other complications.
The study found that being stressed at work was associated with a 48 per cent higher risk of atrial fibrillation.
“Work stress has previously been linked with coronary heart disease. Work stress should be considered a modifiable risk factor for preventing atrial fibrillation and coronary heart disease,” said study author Eleonor Fransson from Jonkoping University in Sweden.
“People who feel stressed...
If you believe that smoking affects only the lungs, then you may be wrong as a new study showed that components in cigarette smoke may directly damage the muscles in your leg as well.
According to the researchers, smoking could directly damage the muscles by reducing the number of blood vessels in leg muscles, which in turn reduce the amount of oxygen and nutrients the muscles received.
“It is vitally important that we show people that the use of tobacco cigarettes has harmful consequences throughout the body, including large muscle groups needed for daily living, and develop strategies to stop the damage tri...
Want to prevent frailty when you grow old? If so, then start maintaining good heart health. A new study indicates that low heart disease risks among older people may help them to prevent frailty.
Frailty is a condition associated with decreased physiological reserve and increased vulnerability to adverse health outcomes. The outcomes include falls, fractures, disability, hospitalisation and institutionalisation.
The findings, published in the Journal of Gerontology, found that severe frailty was 85 per cent less likely in those with near ideal cardiovascular risk factors.
The study also found that even small...
Cholesterol a molecule normally linked with cardiovascular diseases may also play an important role in the onset and progression of Alzheimer’s disease, researchers have found.
The findings, published in the journal Nature Chemistry, suggests that in the brain, cholesterol acts as a catalyst which triggers the formation of the toxic clusters of the amyloid-beta protein, which is a central player in the development of Alzheimer’s disease.
The researchers found that cholesterol, which is one of the main components of cell walls in neurons, can trigger amyloid-beta molecules to aggregate, and their aggrega...